The main goal of the teacher is to teach the student how to think. In order to be an effective teacher of thinking, the teacher must be present when the student attempts to think. It follows that the chief classroom activity should be students thinking, not teachers lecturing. Moreover, a given body of information can be conveyed more permanently and effectively to the students if they are actively engaged in thinking about it. Students can cooperate by asking questions, thinking out loud, and voicing mental corrections to the teacher's statements.

See NSSE for a report on how student engagement improves performance, especially especially for "those who come to college less well prepared academically or are from historically underrepresented racial and ethnic backgrounds".

Courses I have taught: